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Script

Script is a CoreObject representing a script in the hierarchy. While not technically a property, a script can access itself using the script variable.

Properties

Property Name Return Type Description Tags
context table Returns the table containing any non-local variables and functions created by the script. This can be used to call (or overwrite!) functions on another script. Read-Only
scriptAssetId string Returns the asset ID of the script this instance is executing. Read-Only

Examples

Example using:

context

With context two scripts can communicate directly by calling on each other's functions and properties. Notice that '.' is used instead of ':' when accessing context functions. In the following example, the first script is placed directly in the hierarchy and the second script is placed inside a template of some sort. When a new player joins, the first script spawns a copy of the template and tells it about the new player. The template then follows the player around as they move.

Script directly in hierarchy:

local followTemplate = script:GetCustomProperty("FollowTemplate")

Game.playerJoinedEvent:Connect(function(player)
    local obj = World.SpawnAsset(followTemplate)
    -- Locate the script inside
    local followScript = obj:FindDescendantByType("Script")
    -- Call the context function
    followScript.context.SetTarget(player)
end)

--[[#description
    Script located inside a template. The 'targetPlayer' property and the 'SetTarget()' function can be
    accessed externally through the context.
]]
targetPlayer = nil

function SetTarget(player)
    targetPlayer = player
    script:FindTemplateRoot():Follow(player, 400, 300)
end

See also: CoreObject.GetCustomProperty | World.SpawnAsset | Game.playerJoinedEvent | Event.Connect


Example using:

scriptAssetId

Architectures designed for componentization have many advantages when building larger projects. In this example, we have a script that will be required and will serve as a central manager, where other scripts call to register themselves. In case a script gets duplicated, such as from the importing of Community Content, it's possible the game ends up with multiple mismatching versions of a component. By taking a moment to compare the script asset IDs we future-proof the system and make it more robust. The asset IDs are also printed to the Event Log, so they can be easily located by searching Project Content with /muid=<asset ID>.

local API = {}

local registeredComponents = {}
local registeredScriptAssets = {}

function API.Register(scriptObj)
    local existingAssetId = registeredScriptAssets[scriptObj.name]
    if existingAssetId then
        if existingAssetId ~= scriptObj.scriptAssetId then
            warn("Registering different scripts with the same name '"..scriptObj.name..
            "'. Different versions of the same script can lead to unexpected behavior. Assets: "..
            existingAssetId.." and "..scriptObj.scriptAssetId)
        end
    else
        registeredScriptAssets[scriptObj.name] = scriptObj.scriptAssetId
    end
    table.insert(registeredComponents, scriptObj)
end

return API

See also: CoreLuaFunctions.require | CoreObject.name



Dernière mise à jour: 17 septembre 2021